Module: Spreadsheet::Excel::Internals

Included in:
Reader, Reader::Biff8, Writer::Format, Writer::Workbook, Writer::Worksheet
Defined in:
lib/spreadsheet/excel/internals.rb,
lib/spreadsheet/excel/internals/biff5.rb,
lib/spreadsheet/excel/internals/biff8.rb

Overview

Binary Formats and other configurations internal to Excel. This Module is likely to shrink as Support for older Versions of Excel grows and more Binary formats are moved away from here for disambiguation. If you need to work with constants defined in this module and are confused by names like SEDOC_ROLOC, try reading them backwards. (The reason for this weird naming convention is that according to my ri, Ruby 1.9 renames Hash#index to Hash#key without backward compatibility. Since I did not want to pepper my code with RUBY_VERSION-checks, I settled on this strategy to make the transition to Ruby 1.9 as simple as possible.

Defined Under Namespace

Modules: Biff5, Biff8

Constant Summary

EIGHT_BYTE_DOUBLE =
[0.1].pack('E').size == 8 ? 'E' : 'e'
CODEPAGES =
{
  367 => "ASCII",
  437 => "IBM437", #(US)
  720 => "IBM720", #(OEM Arabic)
  737 => "IBM737", #(Greek)
  775 => "IBM775", #(Baltic)
  850 => "IBM850", #(Latin I)
  852 => "IBM852", #(Latin II (Central European))
  855 => "IBM855", #(Cyrillic)
  857 => "IBM857", #(Turkish)
  858 => "IBM858", #(Multilingual Latin I with Euro)
  860 => "IBM860", #(Portuguese)
  861 => "IBM861", #(Icelandic)
  862 => "IBM862", #(Hebrew)
  863 => "IBM863", #(Canadian (French))
  864 => "IBM864", #(Arabic)
  865 => "IBM865", #(Nordic)
  866 => "IBM866", #(Cyrillic (Russian))
  869 => "IBM869", #(Greek (Modern))
  874 => "WINDOWS-874", #(Thai)
  932 => "WINDOWS-932", #(Japanese Shift-JIS)
  936 => "WINDOWS-936", #(Chinese Simplified GBK)
  949 => "WINDOWS-949", #(Korean (Wansung))
  950 => "WINDOWS-950", #(Chinese Traditional BIG5)
  1200 => "UTF-16LE", #(BIFF8)
  1250 => "WINDOWS-1250", #(Latin II) (Central European)
  1251 => "WINDOWS-1251", #(Cyrillic)
  1252 => "WINDOWS-1252", #(Latin I) (BIFF4-BIFF7)
  1253 => "WINDOWS-1253", #(Greek)
  1254 => "WINDOWS-1254", #(Turkish)
  1255 => "WINDOWS-1255", #(Hebrew)
  1256 => "WINDOWS-1256", #(Arabic)
  1257 => "WINDOWS-1257", #(Baltic)
  1258 => "WINDOWS-1258", #(Vietnamese)
  1361 => "WINDOWS-1361", #(Korean (Johab))
  10000 => "MACINTOSH",
  32768 => "MACINTOSH",
  32769 => "WINDOWS-1252", #(Latin I) (BIFF2-BIFF3)
}
SEGAPEDOC =

(Latin I) (BIFF2-BIFF3)

CODEPAGES.invert
COLOR_CODES =

color_codes according to support.softartisans.com/kbview_1205.aspx synonyms are in comments when reverse lookup

{
  0x0000 => :builtin_black,
  0x0001 => :builtin_white,
  0x0002 => :builtin_red,
  0x0003 => :builtin_green,
  0x0004 => :builtin_blue,
  0x0005 => :builtin_yellow,
  0x0006 => :builtin_magenta,
  0x0007 => :builtin_cyan,
  0x0008 => :black,                 #xls_color_0
  0x0009 => :white,                 #xls_color_1
  0x000a => :red,                   #xls_color_2
  0x000b => :lime,                  #xls_color_3
  0x000c => :blue,                  #xls_color_4
  0x000d => :yellow,                #xls_color_5
  0x000e => :magenta,               #xls_color_6, fuchsia
  0x000f => :cyan,                  #xls_color_7, aqua
  0x0010 => :brown,                 #xls_color_8
  0x0011 => :green,                 #xls_color_9
  0x0012 => :navy,                  #xls_color_10
  0x0013 => :xls_color_11,
  0x0014 => :xls_color_12,
  0x0015 => :xls_color_13,
  0x0016 => :silver,                #xls_color_14
  0x0017 => :gray,                  #xls_color_15, grey
  0x0018 => :xls_color_16,
  0x0019 => :xls_color_17,
  0x001a => :xls_color_18,
  0x001b => :xls_color_19,
  0x001c => :xls_color_20,
  0x001d => :xls_color_21,
  0x001e => :xls_color_22,
  0x001f => :xls_color_23,
  0x0020 => :xls_color_24,
  0x0021 => :xls_color_25,
  0x0022 => :xls_color_26,
  0x0023 => :xls_color_27,
  0x0024 => :purple,                #xls_color_28
  0x0025 => :xls_color_29,
  0x0026 => :xls_color_30,
  0x0027 => :xls_color_31,
  0x0028 => :xls_color_32,
  0x0029 => :xls_color_33,
  0x002a => :xls_color_34,
  0x002b => :xls_color_35,
  0x002c => :xls_color_36,
  0x002d => :xls_color_37,
  0x002e => :xls_color_38,
  0x002f => :xls_color_39,
  0x0030 => :xls_color_40,
  0x0031 => :xls_color_41,
  0x0032 => :xls_color_42,
  0x0033 => :xls_color_43,
  0x0034 => :orange,                #xls_color_44
  0x0035 => :xls_color_45,
  0x0036 => :xls_color_46,
  0x0037 => :xls_color_47,
  0x0038 => :xls_color_48,
  0x0039 => :xls_color_49,
  0x003a => :xls_color_50,
  0x003b => :xls_color_51,
  0x003c => :xls_color_52,
  0x003d => :xls_color_53,
  0x003e => :xls_color_54,
  0x003f => :xls_color_55,

  0x0040 => :border,
  0x0041 => :pattern_bg,
  0x0043 => :dialog_bg,
  0x004d => :chart_text,
  0x004e => :chart_bg,
  0x004f => :chart_border,
  0x0050 => :tooltip_bg,
  0x0051 => :tooltip_text,
  0x7fff => :text
}
SEDOC_ROLOC =
COLOR_CODES.invert.update(
  :xls_color_0  => 0x0008,
  :xls_color_1  => 0x0009,
  :xls_color_2  => 0x000a,
  :xls_color_3  => 0x000b,
  :xls_color_4  => 0x000c,
  :xls_color_5  => 0x000d,
  :xls_color_6  => 0x000e,
  :fuchsia      => 0x000e,
  :xls_color_7  => 0x000f,
  :aqua         => 0x000f,
  :xls_color_8  => 0x0010,
  :xls_color_9  => 0x0011,
  :xls_color_10 => 0x0012,
  :xls_color_14 => 0x0016,
  :xls_color_15 => 0x0017,
  :grey         => 0x0017,
  :xls_color_28 => 0x0024,
  :xls_color_44 => 0x0034
)
BINARY_FORMATS =
{
  :blank      => 'v3',
  :boolerr    => 'v3C2',
  :colinfo    => 'v5x2',
  :font       => 'v5C3x',
  :labelsst   => 'v3V',
  :number     => "v3#{EIGHT_BYTE_DOUBLE}",
  :pagesetup  => "v8#{EIGHT_BYTE_DOUBLE}2v",
  :rk         => 'v3V',
  :row        => 'v4x4V',
  :window2    => 'v4x2v2x4',
  :xf         => 'v3C4V2v',
}
BUILTIN_FORMATS =

From BIFF5 on, the built-in number formats will be omitted. The built-in formats are dependent on the current regional settings of the operating system. The following table shows which number formats are used by default in a US-English environment. All indexes from 0 to 163 are reserved for built-in formats.

{ # TODO: locale support
   0 => 'GENERAL',
   1 => '0',
   2 => '0.00',
   3 => '#,##0',
   4 => '#,##0.00',
   5 => '"$"#,##0_);("$"#,##0)',
   6 => '"$"#,##0_);[Red]("$"#,##0)',
   7 => '"$"#,##0.00_);("$"#,##0.00)',
   8 => '"$"#,##0.00_);[Red]("$"#,##0.00)',
   9 => '0%',
  10 => '0.00%',
  11 => '0.00E+00',
  12 => '# ?/?',
  13 => '# ??/??',
  14 => 'M/D/YY',
  15 => 'D-MMM-YY',
  16 => 'D-MMM',
  17 => 'MMM-YY',
  18 => 'h:mm AM/PM',
  19 => 'h:mm:ss AM/PM',
  20 => 'h:mm',
  21 => 'h:mm:ss',
  22 => 'M/D/YY h:mm',
  37 => '_(#,##0_);(#,##0)',
  38 => '_(#,##0_);[Red](#,##0)',
  39 => '_(#,##0.00_);(#,##0.00)',
  40 => '_(#,##0.00_);[Red](#,##0.00)',
  41 => '_("$"* #,##0_);_("$"* (#,##0);_("$"* "-"_);_(@_)',
  42 => '_(* #,##0_);_(* (#,##0);_(* "-"_);_(@_)',
  43 => '_("$"* #,##0.00_);_("$"* (#,##0.00);_("$"* "-"??_);_(@_)',
  44 => '_(* #,##0.00_);_(* (#,##0.00);_(* "-"??_);_(@_)',
  45 => 'mm:ss',
  46 => '[h]:mm:ss',
  47 => 'mm:ss.0',
  48 => '##0.0E+0',
  49 => '@',
}
BUILTIN_STYLES =
{
  0x00 => 'Normal',
  0x01 => 'RowLevel_lv',
  0x02 => 'ColLevel_lv',
  0x03 => 'Comma',
  0x04 => 'Currency',
  0x05 => 'Percent',
  0x06 => 'Comma',
  0x07 => 'Currency',
  0x08 => 'Hyperlink',
  0x09 => 'Followed Hyperlink',
}
ESCAPEMENT_TYPES =
{
  0x0001 => :superscript,
  0x0002 => :subscript,
}
SEPYT_TNEMEPACSE =
ESCAPEMENT_TYPES.invert
FONT_ENCODINGS =
{
  0x00 => :iso_latin1,
  0x01 => :default,
  0x02 => :symbol,
  0x4d => :apple_roman,
  0x80 => :shift_jis,
  0x81 => :korean_hangul,
  0x82 => :korean_johab,
  0x86 => :chinese_simplified,
  0x88 => :chinese_traditional,
  0xa1 => :greek,
  0xa2 => :turkish,
  0xa3 => :vietnamese,
  0xb1 => :hebrew,
  0xb2 => :arabic,
  0xba => :baltic,
  0xcc => :cyrillic,
  0xde => :thai,
  0xee => :iso_latin2,
  0xff => :oem_latin1,
}
SGNIDOCNE_TNOF =
FONT_ENCODINGS.invert
FONT_FAMILIES =
{
  0x01 => :roman,
  0x02 => :swiss,
  0x03 => :modern,
  0x04 => :script,
  0x05 => :decorative,
}
SEILIMAF_TNOF =
FONT_FAMILIES.invert
FONT_WEIGHTS =
{
  :bold   => 700,
  :normal => 400,
}
LEAP_ERROR =
Date.new 1900, 2, 28
OPCODES =
{
  :blank        => 0x0201, #    BLANK ➜ 6.7
  :boolerr      => 0x0205, #    BOOLERR ➜ 6.10
  :boundsheet   => 0x0085, # ●● BOUNDSHEET ➜ 6.12
  :codepage     => 0x0042, # ○  CODEPAGE ➜ 6.17
  :colinfo      => 0x007d, # ○○ COLINFO ➜ 6.18
  :continue     => 0x003c, # ○  CONTINUE ➜ 6.22
  :datemode     => 0x0022, # ○  DATEMODE ➜ 6.25
  :dbcell       => 0x0a0b, # ○  DBCELL
  :dimensions   => 0x0200, # ●  DIMENSIONS ➜ 6.31
  :eof          => 0x000a, # ●  EOF ➜ 6.36
  :font         => 0x0031, # ●● FONT ➜ 6.43
  :format       => 0x041e, # ○○ FORMAT (Number Format) ➜ 6.45
  :formula      => 0x0006, #    FORMULA ➜ 6.46
  :hlink        => 0x01b8, #    HLINK ➜ 6.52 (BIFF8 only)
  :label        => 0x0204, #    LABEL ➜ 6.59 (BIFF2-BIFF7)
  :labelsst     => 0x00fd, #    LABELSST ➜ 6.61 (BIFF8 only)
  :mergedcells  => 0x00e5, # ○○ MERGEDCELLS	➜ 5.67 (BIFF8 only)
  :mulblank     => 0x00be, #    MULBLANK ➜ 6.64 (BIFF5-BIFF8)
  :mulrk        => 0x00bd, #    MULRK ➜ 6.65 (BIFF5-BIFF8)
  :number       => 0x0203, #    NUMBER ➜ 6.68
  :rk           => 0x027e, #    RK ➜ 6.82 (BIFF3-BIFF8)
  :row          => 0x0208, # ●  ROW ➜ 6.83
  :rstring      => 0x00d6, #    RSTRING ➜ 6.84 (BIFF5/BIFF7)
  :sst          => 0x00fc, # ●  SST ➜ 6.96
  :string       => 0x0207, #    STRING ➜ 6.98
  :style        => 0x0293, # ●● STYLE ➜ 6.99
  :xf           => 0x00e0, # ●● XF ➜ 6.115
  :sharedfmla   => 0x04bc, #    SHAREDFMLA ➜ 5.94
  ########################## Unhandled Opcodes ################################
  :extsst       => 0x00ff, # ●  EXTSST ➜ 6.40
  :index        => 0x020b, # ○  INDEX ➜ 5.7 (Row Blocks), ➜ 6.55
  :uncalced     => 0x005e, # ○  UNCALCED ➜ 6.104
  ########################## ○  Calculation Settings Block ➜ 5.3
  :calccount    => 0x000c, # ○  CALCCOUNT ➜ 6.14
  :calcmode     => 0x000d, # ○  CALCMODE ➜ 6.15
  :precision    => 0x000e, # ○  PRECISION ➜ 6.74 (moved to Workbook Globals
                           #                      Substream in BIFF5-BIFF8)
  :refmode      => 0x000f, # ○  REFMODE ➜ 6.80
  :delta        => 0x0010, # ○  DELTA ➜ 6.30
  :iteration    => 0x0011, # ○  ITERATION ➜ 6.57
  :saverecalc   => 0x005f, # ○  SAVERECALC ➜ 6.85 (BIFF3-BIFF8 only)
  ########################## ○  Workbook Protection Block ➜ 5.18
  :protect      => 0x0012, # ○  PROTECT
                           #    Worksheet contents: 1 = protected (➜ 6.77)
  :windowprot   => 0x0019, # ○  WINDOWPROTECT Window settings: 1 = protected
                           #                  (BIFF4W only, ➜ 6.110)
  :objectprot   => 0x0063, # ○  OBJECTPROTECT
                           #    Embedded objects: 1 = protected (➜ 6.69)
  :scenprotect  => 0x00dd, # ○  SCENPROTECT
                           #    Scenarios: 1 = protected (BIFF5-BIFF8, ➜ 6.86)
  :password     => 0x0013, # ○  PASSWORD Hash value of the password;
                           #             0   = no password (➜ 6.72)
  ########################## ○  File Protection Block ➜ 5.19
  :writeprot    => 0x0086, # ○  WRITEPROT File is write protected
                           #    (BIFF3-BIFF8, ➜ 6.112), password in FILESHARING
  :filepass     => 0x002f, # ○  FILEPASS File is read/write-protected,
                           #             encryption information (➜ 6.41)
  :writeaccess  => 0x005c, # ○  WRITEACCESS User name (BIFF3-BIFF8, ➜ 6.111)
  :filesharing  => 0x005b, # ○  FILESHARING File sharing options
                           #    (BIFF3-BIFF8, ➜ 6.42)
  ########################## ○  Link Table ➜ 5.10.3
                           # ●● SUPBOOK Block(s)
                           #    Settings for a referenced document
  :supbook      => 0x01ae, #    ●  SUPBOOK ➜ 6.100
  :externname   => 0x0223, #    ○○ EXTERNNAME ➜ 6.38
  :xct          => 0x0059, #    ○○ ●  XCT ➜ 6.114
  :crn          => 0x005a, #       ●● CRN ➜ 6.24
  :externsheet  => 0x0017, # ●  EXTERNSHEET ➜ 6.39
  :name         => 0x0218, # ○○ NAME ➜ 6.66
  ##########################
  :window1      => 0x003d, # ●  WINDOW1 ➜ 6.108 (has information on
                           #              which Spreadsheet is 'active')
  :backup       => 0x0040, # ○  BACKUP ➜ 6.5
  :country      => 0x008c, # ○  COUNTRY (Make writeable?) ➜ 6.23
  :hideobj      => 0x008d, # ○  HIDEOBJ ➜ 6.52
  :palette      => 0x0092, # ○  PALETTE ➜ 6.70
  :fngroupcnt   => 0x009c, # ○  FNGROUPCOUNT
  :bookbool     => 0x00da, # ○  BOOKBOOL ➜ 6.9
  :tabid        => 0x013d, # ○  TABID
  :useselfs     => 0x0160, # ○  USESELFS (Natural Language Formulas) ➜ 6.105
  :dsf          => 0x0161, # ○  DSF (Double Stream File) ➜ 6.32
  :refreshall   => 0x01b7, # ○  REFRESHALL
  ########################## ●  Worksheet View Settings Block ➜ 5.5
  :window2      => 0x023e, # ●  WINDOW2 ➜ 5.110
  :scl          => 0x00a0, # ○  SCL ➜ 5.92 (BIFF4-BIFF8 only)
  :pane         => 0x0041, # ○  PANE ➜ 5.75
  :selection    => 0x001d, # ○○ SELECTION ➜ 5.93
  ########################## ○  Page Settings Block ➜ 5.4
  :hpagebreaks  => 0x001b, # ○  HORIZONTALPAGEBREAKS ➜ 6.54
  :vpagebreaks  => 0x001a, # ○  VERTICALPAGEBREAKS ➜ 6.107
  :header       => 0x0014, # ○  HEADER ➜ 6.51
  :footer       => 0x0015, # ○  FOOTER ➜ 6.44
  :hcenter      => 0x0083, # ○  HCENTER ➜ 6.50 (BIFF3-BIFF8 only)
  :vcenter      => 0x0084, # ○  VCENTER ➜ 6.106 (BIFF3-BIFF8 only)
  :leftmargin   => 0x0026, # ○  LEFTMARGIN ➜ 6.62
  :rightmargin  => 0x0027, # ○  RIGHTMARGIN ➜ 6.81
  :topmargin    => 0x0028, # ○  TOPMARGIN ➜ 6.103
  :bottommargin => 0x0029, # ○  BOTTOMMARGIN ➜ 6.11
                           # ○  PLS (opcode unknown)
  :pagesetup    => 0x00a1, # ○  PAGESETUP ➜ 6.89 (BIFF4-BIFF8 only)
  :bitmap       => 0x00e9, # ○  BITMAP ➜ 6.6 (Background-Bitmap, BIFF8 only)
  ##########################
  :printheaders => 0x002a, # ○  PRINTHEADERS ➜ 6.76
  :printgridlns => 0x002b, # ○  PRINTGRIDLINES ➜ 6.75
  :gridset      => 0x0082, # ○  GRIDSET ➜ 6.48
  :guts         => 0x0080, # ○  GUTS ➜ 6.49
  :defrowheight => 0x0225, # ○  DEFAULTROWHEIGHT ➜ 6.28
  :wsbool       => 0x0081, # ○  WSBOOL ➜ 6.113
  :defcolwidth  => 0x0055, # ○  DEFCOLWIDTH ➜ 6.29
  :sort         => 0x0090, # ○  SORT ➜ 6.95
}
SEDOCPO =

0x00bf, 0x00c0, 0x00c1, 0x00e1, 0x00e2, 0x00eb, 0x01af, 0x01bc

OPCODES.invert
TWIPS =
20
UNDERLINE_TYPES =
{
  0x0001 => :single,
  0x0002 => :double,
  0x0021 => :single_accounting,
  0x0022 => :double_accounting,
}
SEPYT_ENILREDNU =
UNDERLINE_TYPES.invert
XF_H_ALIGN =
{
  :default       => 0,
  :left          => 1,
  :center        => 2,
  :right         => 3,
  :fill          => 4,
  :justify       => 5,
  :merge         => 6,
  :distributed   => 7,
}
NGILA_H_FX =
XF_H_ALIGN.invert
XF_TEXT_DIRECTION =
{
  :context       => 0,
  :left_to_right => 1,
  :right_to_left => 2,
}
NOITCERID_TXET_FX =
XF_TEXT_DIRECTION.invert
XF_V_ALIGN =
{
  :top         => 0,
  :middle      => 1,
  :bottom      => 2,
  :justify     => 3,
  :distributed => 4,
}
NGILA_V_FX =
XF_V_ALIGN.invert
XF_BORDER_LINE_STYLES =

border line styles taken from www.openoffice.org/sc/excelfileformat.pdf

{
	0x00	=>	:none,
	0x01	=>	:thin,
	0x02	=>	:medium,
	0x03	=>	:dashed,
	0x04	=>	:dotted,
	0x05	=>	:thick,
	0x06	=>	:double,
	0x07	=>	:hair,
# the following are only valid for BIFF8 and higher:
	0x08	=>	:medium_dashed,
	0x09	=>	:thin_dash_dotted,
	0x0a	=>	:medium_dash_dotted,
	0x0b	=>	:thin_dash_dot_dotted,
	0x0c	=>	:medium_dash_dot_dotted,
	0x0d	=>	:slanted_medium_dash_dotted
}
SELYTS_ENIL_REDROB_FX =
XF_BORDER_LINE_STYLES.invert
OPCODE_SIZE =
4
ROW_HEIGHT =
12.1
SST_CHUNKSIZE =
20

Instance Method Summary (collapse)

Instance Method Details

- (Object) binfmt(key)



439
440
441
# File 'lib/spreadsheet/excel/internals.rb', line 439

def binfmt key
  BINARY_FORMATS[key]
end

- (Object) opcode(key)



442
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# File 'lib/spreadsheet/excel/internals.rb', line 442

def opcode key
  OPCODES[key]
end